|The Tarot de Marseille: Fool ("Le Mat"). This Tarot de Marseille - from French publishers Héron - is a modern duplication of Conver's 1760 Marseilles images, which now reside in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. Aeclectic Tarot|
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Origins of the Tarot - Michael Dummett's research led him to conclude that the Tarot deck was invented in northern Italy in the fifteenth century. It is believed that tarot cards were introduced into southern France from northern Italy when the French conquered Milan in the Piedmont in 1499. The antecedents of the Tarot de Marseille were probably introduced into southern France at around that time. The game of tarot died out in Italy but survived in France and Switzerland. When the game was reintroduced into northern Italy, the Marseille designs of the cards were also reintroduced to that region.
Tarot de Marseille - The name Tarot de Marseille is not of particularly ancient vintage; it was coined in the 1930s by the French cartomancer Paul Marteau, who gave this collective name to a variety of closely related designs that were being made in the city of Marseille in the south of France, a city that was a centre of playing card manufacture, and were (in earlier, contemporaneous, and later times) also made in other cities in France. The Tarot de Marseille is one of the standards from which many tarot decks of the nineteenth century and later are derived.
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