Christopher Columbus and the New World of his Discovery: A Narrative By Filson Young, Young, the Earl Dunraven, Windham Thomas Wyndham-Quin Dunraven, Christopher Columbus Published by Grant Richards, 1906 Item notes: v.1 Original from the University of Michigan Digitized Mar 15, 2006 322 pages.
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Friday, August 3, I 1492, at eight o'clock we started from the bar I of Saltes. We went with a strong sea breeze sixty miles, which are fifteen leagues,1 towards the south, until sunset afterwards to the south-west and to the south, quarter south-west, which was the way to the Canaries.
With these rousing words the Journal 2 of Columbus's voyage begins ; and they sound a salt and mighty chord which contains the true diapason of the symphony of his voyages. There could not have been a more fortunate beginning, with clear weather and a calm sea, and the wind in exactly the right quarter.
On Saturday and Sunday the same conditions held, so there was time and opportunity for the three very miscellaneous ships' companies to shake down into something like order, and for all the elaborate discipline of sea life to be arranged and established and we may employ the interval by noting what aids to navigation Columbus had at his disposal.
The chief instrument was the astrolabe, which was an improvement on the primitive quadrant then in use for taking the altitude of the sun. The astrolabe, it will be remembered, had been greatly improved by Martin Behaim and the Portuguese Commission in 1 840 and it was this instrument, a simplification of the astrolabe used in astronomy ashore, that Columbus chiefly used in getting his solar altitudes. Christopher Columbus and the New World of his Discovery in PDF Format
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