GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : Eastern white pine is distributed from Newfoundland west to extreme southeastern Manitoba and south to the Great Lake States, along the Atlantic seabord to New Jersey, and in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. It also occurs in Iowa, western Kentucky, western Tennessee, and Delaware
GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Eastern white pine is a large, native, evergreen conifer. It grows rapidly and in 40 years can be 60 feet (18.3 m) tall and 8 to 10 inches (20-25 cm) in diameter Individuals of 150 feet (46 m) and 40 inches (102 cm) in diameter were common in virgin forests. Eastern white pine commonly reaches 200 years of age and may exceed 450 years . In closed stands, boles are free of branches for over two-thirds of their length. Needles are 2.5 to 5.0 inches (6-13 cm) long, and the winged seeds are about 0.8 inches (2 cm) long. The roots are widespreading and moderately deep without a distinct taproot.
AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION : Carey, Jennifer H. 1993. Pinus strobus. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [2005, July 29].
|White Pine Tassel(Pinus strobus L.) adopted as state flower in 1895 SYNONYMS : Strobus strobus (L.) Small. COMMON NAMES : eastern white pine northern white pine white pine northern pine soft pine Weymouth pine pin blanc|
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Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester, PA.
Text Reference: USDA-NRCS. 2005. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA
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