|Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record. Houston Astrodome, 8400 Kirby Drive, Houston, Harris County, TX. HAER TX-108, Larger reference image (JPEG - 145K bytes) Highest resolution image (TIFF - 19242K bytes).|
Survey number HAER TX-108, Building/structure dates: 1964 initial construction. Significance: Originally called the Harris County Domed Stadium, the Astrodome was completed in 1964. Conceived as the home of the Houston Colts and Houston Oilers, it was termed by many as the Eighth Wonder of the World.
It was the first time that a stadium was built for both baseball and football that was totally enclosed and fully air-conditioned. The building covers 9.14 acres of land. Circular in shape, the outer diameter of the Astrodome is 710' and the clear span of the dome roof is 642'.
Collection: Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress) Repository: Library of Congress, Prints and Photograph Division, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGID: hdl.loc.gov/hhh.tx1045
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Reliant Astrodome From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Reliant Astrodome, also known as the Houston Astrodome or simply the Astrodome, is a domed sports stadium, the first of its kind, located in Houston, Texas. The stadium is part of the Reliant Park complex. It opened in 1965 as Harris County Domed Stadium and was nicknamed the "Eighth Wonder of the World".
Major League Baseball expanded to Houston in 1962 with the Houston Colt .45s, who were later renamed the Astros. Houston's unpredictable subtropical weather made outdoor baseball difficult for players and spectators alike. Several baseball franchises had toyed with the idea of building enclosed, air-conditioned stadiums. Former Houston mayor Judge Roy Hofheinz claimed inspiration for what would eventually become the Astrodome when he was on a tour of Rome, where he learned that the builders of the ancient Colosseum installed giant velaria to shield spectators from the Roman sun.
The world's first domed stadium was conceived by Hofheinz, and designed by architects Hermon Lloyd & W.B. Morgan, and Wislon, Morris, Crain and Anderson. Structural engineering and structural design was performed by Walter P Moore Engineers and Consultants of Houston. It was constructed by H.A. Lott, Inc. for Harris County, Texas. It stands 18 stories tall, covering 9½ acres. The dome is 710 feet (216.4 m) in diameter and the ceiling is 208 feet (63.4 m) above the playing surface, which itself sits 25 feet (7.6 m) below street level.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Reliant Astrodome
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