Saturday, October 20, 2007

Native American Heritage Month Apache Still Life

Native American Heritage Month Apache Still LifeDigital ID: cph 3c30198. Source: b&w film copy neg. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-130198 (b&w film copy neg.). Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. Retrieve unedited JPEG version (168 kilobytes)
Rights Information: Publication and other forms of distribution: Permitted. Photographs in this collection were deposited for copyright between 1899 and 1929. Works copyrighted before 1923 are now in the public domain. The copyright for the works after 1923 was not renewed, so they are also in the public domain. (See the Copyright Office's Circular 1, "Copyright Basics," page 6).

TITLE: Apache still life [A]. CALL NUMBER: LOT 12310-A [item] [P&P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZ62-130198 (b&w film copy neg.). RIGHTS INFORMATION: No known restrictions on publication. No renewal in Copyright office. SUMMARY: Nine containers: baskets, bowls, and jars.

MEDIUM: 1 photographic print. CREATED, PUBLISHED: c1907. CREATOR: Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952, photographer. NOTES: H104255 U.S. Copyright Office. Curtis no. 1950-07. Forms part of: Edward S. Curtis Collection (Library of Congress).

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGITAL ID: (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3c30198 CONTROL #: 2002695462

Apache From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Apache is the collective name for several culturally related groups of Native Americans in the United States.

These indigenous peoples of North America speak a Southern Athabaskan (Apachean) language, and are related linguistically to the Athabaskan speakers of Alaska and western Canada. The modern term Apache excludes the related Navajo people. However, the Navajo and the other Apache groups are clearly related through culture and language and thus are considered Apachean. Apachean peoples formerly ranged over eastern Arizona, northwestern Mexico, New Mexico, parts of Texas, and a small group on the plains.

There was little political unity among the Apachean groups. The groups spoke seven different languages. The current division of Apachean groups includes the Navajo, Western Apache, Chiricahua, Mescalero, Jicarilla, Lipan, and Plains Apache (formerly Kiowa-Apache). Apache groups are now in Oklahoma and Texas and on reservations in Arizona and New Mexico. Many Navajo reside on a 16-million acre reservation in the Four Corners region of the United States. Some Apacheans have moved to large metropolitan areas, such as New York City.

The Apachean tribes were historically very powerful, constantly at enmity with the Spaniards and Mexicans for centuries. The first Apache raids on Sonora appear to have taken place during the late 17th century. The U.S. Army, in their various confrontations, found them to be fierce warriors and skillful strategists.

The warfare between Apachean peoples and Euro-Americans has led to a stereotypical focus on certain aspects of Apachean cultures that are often distorted through misperception as noted by anthropologist Keith Basso (1983: 462):
"Of the hundreds of peoples that lived and flourished in native North America, few have been so consistently misrepresented as the Apacheans of Arizona and New Mexico. Glorified by novelists, sensationalized by historians, and distorted beyond credulity by commercial film makers, the popular image of 'the Apache' — a brutish, terrifying semihuman bent upon wanton death and destruction — is almost entirely a product of irresponsible caricature and exaggeration. Indeed, there can be little doubt that the Apache has been transformed from a native American into an American legend, the fanciful and fallacious creation of a non-Indian citizenry whose inability to recognize the massive treachery of ethnic and cultural stereotypes has been matched only by its willingness to sustain and inflate them."
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Apache

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