William Wallace rejects the English proposals to put down his arms. From a A chronicle of England Author: James Edmund Doyle, Publisher: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, & Green, 1864. Edmund Evans (1826–1905) English engraver and printer.
This IMAGE (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, where Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" PDF from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published before 1923 (in this case 1864) are now in the public domain.
This image is also in the public domain in countries that figure copyright from the date of death of the artist (post mortem auctoris), in this case Edmund Evans (1826–1905), and that most commonly runs for a period of 50 to 70 years from the last day of that year.
A last attempt to induce the peaceable submission of the Scots. Two Dominican monks were selected as the bearers of his proposals. They found the Scottish host encamped upon the hills above the abbey of Cambuskenneth, and delivered their message to the leaders. "Tell your countrymen," answered Wallace, "that we have come here, not for peace, but for war,—to revenge ourselves and liberate our country. Let them come on: we will meet them to their beards." The envoys returned, and their report was generally hailed with joy in the English ranks.
There were some, however, who doubted the prudence of advancing by the long and narrow bridge of Stirling, the most direct approach to the enemy. Sir Richard Lundy offered to lead a body of troops round by a ford, and attack his countrymen in the rear, while the Guardian effected the passage of the bridge; hut his plan was rejected. The council still hesitated, when Cressingham declared vehemently against wasting the king's treasure in protracted operations. "Let us cross," he said, "and do our duty."
Upon this, Warrenne gave the order, and his troops began to file over the bridge, Not a fourth had passed, when the Scots poured down from the hills, rushed impetuously on their enemies, seized the northern head of the bridge, and cut the English army in two. Nearly all who had crossed (to the number of about 5000) fell beneath the weapons of the Scots, or were drowned in attempting to escape, while their commander and the main body looked on, helpless to avert their fate. Amongst the slain was Cressingham. The Guardian, after placing a garrison in the castle of Stirling, hurriedly retreated to Berwick.
TEXT CREDIT: A chronicle of England By James Edmund Doyle