Thursday, March 23, 2006

Women's History Month, Calamity Jane

Martha Canary, 1852-1903, Calamity Jane, REPRODUCTION NUMBER:  LC-USZ62-50004, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs DivisionTITLE: [Martha Canary, 1852-1903, ("Calamity Jane"), full-length portrait, seated with rifle as General Crook's scout], CALL NUMBER: BIOG FILE [item] [P and P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZ62-50004 (b amd w film copy neg.), No known restrictions on publication.
Digital ID: cph 3a53082 Source: digital file from b and w film copy neg. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-50004 (b&w film copy neg.) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve higher resolution JPEG version (84 kilobytes)

MEDIUM: 1 photographic print. CREATED, PUBLISHED: c1895. NOTES: Photo copyrighted by H. R. Locke.(EXPIRED) This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 are now in the public domain.

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, [REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZ62-50004]

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA, DIGITAL ID: (digital file from b and w film copy neg.) cph 3a53082 , CARD #: 2005689345

Martha Jane Cannary - (Calamity Jane) - Frequented the Fort Laramie area and was an employee of the famous Three Mile or "Hog" Ranch (a house of ill repute just outside Fort Laramie Military Reservation). Calamity Jane's exploits are legendary. On one occasion, Calamity Jane dressed as a male and joined the Jenny expedition of 1875, to the Black Hills. She disguised herself as one of the cavalry troopers escorting the expedition. When discovered, Colonel Dodge ordered her out of the column, but she hid amongst the cargo in one of the wagons and later turned up in the Black Hills. There she reportedly made herself so useful as a forager that she was permitted to stay with the column. In 1876, she was discovered masquerading as one of General Crook's mule skinners, placed under arrest, and sent packing back to Fort Laramie. Calamity probably would not have been discovered had it not been for the fact that "her language when addressing the animals was not up to the usual standards of vituperative eloquence."

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