Title: American tree sparrow, Alternative Title: Spizella arborea, Creator: Menke, Dave, Source: WV-Menke Birds-1-7452, Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Contributor: NATIONAL CONSERVATION TRAINING CENTER-PUBLICATIONS AND TRAINING MATERIALS.
Language: EN - ENGLISH, Rights: (public domain), Audience: (general), Subject: bird, Desoto National Wildlife Refuge, Iowa, migratory, perching birds.
This common species ranges from Alaska south to Texas and east to the Carolinas. Varied Habitat in nesting season includes boulders, scrubby trees and low shrubbery up to the treeline.
Winters in like habitats including open country, weedy fields, brushy pastures and many other open areas that contain broken cover.
Nests near the ground usually below 5 feet. seeking concealment in grass or low trees and shrubs.
Feeds in summer on insects and plant materal, in winter on seeds.
REFERENCES: Baumgartner 1937a, 1937b; Bent 1968b; DeGraff et al. 1980; Forbush and May 1955.
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Text Credit: DeGraaf, Richard M., Virgil E. Scott, R.H. Hamre, Liz Ernst, and Stanley H. Anderson. 1991. Forest and rangeland birds of the United States natural history and habitat use. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Agriculture Handbook 688. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. (Version 03NOV98).
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