Wednesday, February 28, 2007

Women's History Month, Jacqueline 'Jackie' Cochran

Jacqueline 'Jackie' Cochran, Air Force Historical Research Agency (AFHRA)Jacqueline Cochran 1940's -- Jacqueline "Jackie" Cochran was a leading aviatrix who promoted an independent Air Force and was the director of women's flying training for the Women's Airforce Service Pilots program during World War II. She held more speed, altitude and distance records than any other male or female pilot in aviation history at the time of her death Aug. 10, 1980. High Resolution Image
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1940's -- Jackie Cochran standing on the wing of her F-86 whilst talking to Chuck Yeager and Canadair's chief test pilot Bill Longhurst. (Photo courtesy Air Force Flight Test Center History Office)
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Tuesday, February 27, 2007

Women's History Month, 7 Representative women

Representative women, Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-5535]TITLE: Representative women / L. Schamer del. CALL NUMBER: PGA - Prang--Representative women (B size) [Pamp;P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZ62-5535 (b&w film copy neg.), LC-USZ62-4891 (b&w film copy neg. of Anna Dickinson), No known restrictions on publication.
Digital ID: cph 3a08842 Source: b&w film copy neg. LC-USZ62-5535 Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-5535 (b&w film copy neg.) , LC-USZ62-4891 (b&w film copy neg. of Anna Dickinson) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve uncompressed archival TIFF version (1,944 kilobytes)

Images Clockwise:SUMMARY: Head-and-shoulders portraits of seven prominent figures of the suffrage and women's rights movement. MEDIUM: 1 print : lithograph, tinted.
CREATED/PUBLISHED: Boston : L. Prang & Co., c1870. CREATOR: L. Prang & Co.

RELATED NAMES: Schamer, L., artist. NOTES: 3114A2 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Copyright by L. Prang & Co.

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

DIGITAL ID: (b&w film copy neg. LC-USZ62-5535) cph 3a08842 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a08842 , (b&w film copy neg. LC-USZ62-4891) cph 3a08229 hdl.loc.gov/cph.3a08229 , CARD #: 98508687

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-5535]

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

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Monday, February 26, 2007

Black History Month, H. Rap Brown

H. Rap Brown, SNCC, Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-DIG-ppmsc-01263]TITLE: H. Rap Brown, SNCC [i.e., Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee], news conference, CALL NUMBER: LC-U9- 17744-28 [P&P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-DIG-ppmsc-01263 (digital file from original negative), No known restrictions on publication.

SUMMARY: Photograph shows half-length portrait of Brown (later Jamil Al-Amin) speaking into a microphone with a bandage on his forehead. MEDIUM: 1 negative : film. CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1967 Jul. 27.
Digital ID: ppmsc 01263 Source: original Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-ppmsc-01263 (digital file from original negative) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve higher resolution JPEG version (52 kilobytes)

CREATOR: Trikosko, Marion S., photographer. NOTES: Title from contact sheet folder caption. U.S. News & World Report Magazine Photograph Collection. Contact sheet available for reference purposes: USN&WR COLL - Job no. 17744, frame 28.

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGITAL ID: (original) ppmsc 01263 hdl.loc.gov/ppmsc.01263, CARD #: 2003688122

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-DIG-ppmsc-01263]

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

Publication and other forms of distribution: Per the deed of gift, the U.S. News & World Report, Inc., dedicated to the public all rights it held for the photographs in this collection upon its donation to the Library. The majority of the photographs in this collection (THIS IMAGE) were done for hire by U.S. News & World Report staff photographers, primarily Warren K. Leffler, Thomas J. O'Halloran, Marion S. Trikosko, John Bledsoe, and Chick Harrity identified on photographic captions by their initials --WKL, TOH, MST, JTB, and CWH. There are no known restrictions on their photographs.

H. Rap Brown, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

H. Rap Brown (born October 4, 1943) came to prominence in the 1960s as a civil rights worker, black activist, and the Justice Minister of the Black Panther Party. He is perhaps most famous for his proclamation during that period that "violence is as American as cherry pie", as well as once stating that "If America don't come around, we're gonna' burn it down".

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, H. Rap Brown.

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Sunday, February 25, 2007

Aztec priest war god Huitzilopochtli

Aztec priest performing the sacrificial offering of a living human's heart to the war god Huitzilopochtli, REPRODUCTION NUMBER:  LC-USZC4-743, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA.Digital ID: cph 3b52253 Source: color film copy transparency, Reproduction Number: LC-USZC4-743 (color film copy transparency) , LC-USZ62-43569 (b&w film copy neg.),
Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA.

TITLE: [Aztec priest performing the sacrificial offering of a living human's heart to the war god Huitzilopochtli]

CALL NUMBER: Illus. in F1219.C685 [General Collections], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZC4-743 (color film copy transparency), LC-USZ62-43569 (b&w film copy neg.), No known restrictions on publication. MEDIUM: 1 print. CREATED, PUBLISHED: 1904.

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 are now in the public domain

NOTES: Illus. in: illum. ms repr. in Codex Magliabecchi, XIII, II, 3. 1904 ed. p. 70. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGITAL ID: (color film copy transparency) cph 3b52253, hdl.loc.gov/cph.3b52253 , CARD #: 2002718926

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZC4-743]

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

Huitzilopochtli, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Huitzilopochtli was a tribal god, and a legendary wizard of the Aztecs, and originally was of little importance to the Nahuas, but after the rise of the Aztecs, Tlacaelel reformed their religion and put Huitzilopochtli at the same level as Quetzalcoatl, Tlaloc, and Tezcatlipoca, making him a solar god. So he replaced Nanahuatzin, the solar god from the Nahua legend, with Huitzilopochtli.

Huitzilopochtli was said to be in a constant struggle with the darkness, and required nourishment in the form of sacrifices to ensure the sun would survive the cycle of 52 years that was the basis of most Mesoamerican myths. While popular accounts claim it was necessary to have a daily sacrifice, sacrifices were only done in festive days. There were 18 festive days, and only one of them was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Huitzilopochtli.

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Saturday, February 24, 2007

Women's history Month, Suffrage Parade



Women's Suffrage Parade. TITLE: Head of suffrage parade. CALL NUMBER: LC-B2- 2503-1[P&P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-DIG-ggbain-11381 (digital file from original negative), No known restrictions on publication.

Digital ID: ggbain 11381 Source: digital file from original neg. Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-ggbain-11381 (digital file from original negative) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve higher resolution JPEG version (128 kilobytes)

MEDIUM: 1 negative : glass ; 5 x 7 in. or smaller. CREATED, PUBLISHED: [no date recorded on caption card], NOTES: Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Temp. note: Batch three loaded.

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 are now in the public domain
Women's Suffrage Parade

Head of suffrage parade, Credit Line: Library of Congress
FORMAT: Glass negatives. REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGITAL ID: (digital file from original neg.) ggbain 11381, hdl.loc.gov/ggbain.11381 , CARD #: ggb2005011486. Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-DIG-ggbain-11381]

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

History of women's suffrage in the United States, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The effort to obtain women's suffrage — or voting rights — in the United States was a primary effort of those involved in the greater women's rights movement of the 19th century. Women's suffrage was permanently granted in 1920 with the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

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Friday, February 23, 2007

Saint Patrick's Day, Pot of Gold

+sookie tex. Saint Patrick's Day, Pot of Gold. Public Domain ClipArt Stock Photos and Images.

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About Images on DefenseLINK, All of these files are in the public domain unless otherwise indicated.However, we request you credit the photographer, videographer as indicated or simply "Department of Defense."

Saint Patrick's Day, Pot of Gold


Generally speaking, works created by U.S. Government employees are not eligible for copyright protection in the United States. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" PDF from the U.S. Copyright Office.

Leprechaun, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In Irish mythology, a leprechaun (Modern Irish: leipreachán) is a type of male faerie said to inhabit the island of Ireland. They are a class of "faerie folk" associated in Irish mythology and folklore, as with all faeries, with the Tuatha Dé Danann and other quasi-historical peoples said to have inhabited Ireland before the arrival of the Celts.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Leprechaun.

Thursday, February 22, 2007

Black History Month, Elizabeth Freeman "mum bett"

Portrait of Elizabeth Freeman (Mum Bett) 1811

Image by Susan Ridley Sedgewick miniature portrait watercolor on ivory, Elizabeth Freeman was nearly 70 years old. Sedgewick married to Theodore Sedgewick, Jr., whose father represented Freeman's claim for freedom from slavery under the Bill of Rights and the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780.
Susan Sedgewick, was the granddaughter of New Jersey governor and was a writer of juvenile fiction. She was 23 at the time the portrait was painted. Image Credit: Courtesy Massachusetts Historical Society Boston. Freedom and Bondage in the Colonial Era

Copyright Information from Massachusetts Historical Society, The Copyright Act (PL 94-553), effective January 1, 1978, provides protection for all writings (and images) from the date of creation whether or not they are formally copyrighted. The law extends copyright protection until December 31, 2002.

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 (THIS IMAGE) are now in the public domain.

This image is a faithful reproduction of a two-dimensional work of art and thus not copyrightable in itself in the U.S. as per Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp.; the same is also true in many other countries, including Germany.The original two-dimensional work shown in this image is free content because:

This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, Canada, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.

While the Revolution was still being fought, Mum Bett declared that the new nation’s principle of liberty must extend to her too. It took eighty years and a far more terrible war to confirm the rights she demanded. by Jon Swan THE SLAVE WHO SUED FOR FREEDOM

Mum Bett, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mum Bett, later known as Elizabeth Freeman, was born to New York slaves in Claverack, New York, circa 1742. At the age of six months she and her sister were sold to John Ashley of Sheffield, Massachusetts, who she served until 1780. During that time she married and had a child. Her husband was killed in fighting during the Revolutionary War.

In 1780, Mum Bett prevented her mistress from striking her sister, Lizzy, with a heated shovel and was struck instead. She immediately left the Ashley house and refused to return.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Mum Bett.

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Wednesday, February 21, 2007

Saint Patrick's Day, St. Patrick expels the Snakes

+sookie tex. Saint Patrick's Day, St. Patrick expels the Snakes. Public Domain ClipArt Stock Photos and Images.

TITLE: [St. Patrick pray for your children, printed on open book with saint in foreground, church in background], CALL NUMBER: PGA - Greil, E.--St. Patrick pray for your... (B size) [P and P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZ62-31937 (b an w film copy neg.),

No known restrictions on publication.

Digital ID: cph 3a32475 Source: b and w film copy neg. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-31937 (b&w film copy neg.) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve uncompressed archival TIFF version (1,781 kilobytes)

MEDIUM: 1 print. CREATED, PUBLISHED: c1888 Dec. 3. NOTES: T34294 U.S. Copyright Office. This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Greil, E.

St. Patrick expels the Snakes

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" PDF from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 are now in the public domain.

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA, DIGITAL ID: (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a32475 hdl.loc.gov/cph.3a32475 , CARD #: 2003688812

Saint Patrick, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saint Patrick (Latin: Patricius[2], Irish: Naomh Pádraig) was a Christian missionary and is regarded as the patron saint of Ireland along with Brigid of Kildare and Columba. Patrick was born in Britain. When he was about sixteen he was captured by Irish raiders and taken as a slave to Ireland, where he lived for six years before escaping and returning to his family.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Saint Patrick.

Tuesday, February 20, 2007

Black History Month Sidney Poitier

Sidney Poitier, United States National Archives and Records Administration.ARC Identifier: 542061, Title: Civil Rights March on Washington, D.C. [Actors Sidney Poitier, Harry Belafonte, and Charlton Heston.], 08/28/1963

Creator: U.S. Information Agency. Press and Publications Service. (ca. 1953 - ca. 1978) ( Most Recent), Type of Archival Materials: Photographs and other Graphic Materials, Level of Description:
Item from Record Group 306: Records of the U.S. Information Agency, 1900 - 1992.
Location: Still Picture Records LICON, Special Media Archives Services Division (NWCS-S), National Archives at College Park, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001 PHONE: 301-837-3530, FAX: 301-837-3621, EMAIL: stillpix@nara.gov, Production Date: 08/28/1963

Part of: Series: Miscellaneous Subjects, Staff and Stringer Photographs, 1961 - 1974, Access Restrictions: Unrestricted, Use Restrictions: Unrestricted, Variant Control Number(s): NAIL Control Number: NWDNS-306-SSM-4D(99)22 Local Identifier: NWDNS-306-SSM-4D(99)22

Copy 1, Copy Status: Preservation Storage Facility: National Archives at College Park - Archives II (College Park, MD), Media, Media Type: Negative

The U.S. Information Agency. Press and Publications Service is part or the U.S. Department of State. Generally speaking, works created by U.S. Government employees are not eligible for copyright protection in the United States. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office.

Sidney Poitier, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir Sidney Poitier KBE, (IPA pronunciation: ['pwɑtiˌeɪ]) (born February 20, 1927) at sea, recorded in Miami, Florida, is an Academy Award-winning Bahamian actor, film director, and activist. He has been hailed as a breakthrough star thanks to his acclaimed performances in American films and plays, which, by consciously defying racial stereotyping, gave a new dramatic credibility for black actors to mainstream film audiences in the Western world.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Sidney Poitier.

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Monday, February 19, 2007

George Washington by Gilbert Stuart

George Washington by Gilbert Stuart, Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-H834-P01-016]TITLE: Paintings. George Washington by Gilbert Stuart, Andrew Mellon collection. CALL NUMBER: LC-H834- P01-016 [P&P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-H834-P01-016 (b&w glass neg.)
Digital ID: thc 5a35730 Source: intermediary roll film Reproduction Number: LC-H834-P01-016 (b&w glass neg.) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve uncompressed archival TIFF version (140 kilobytes)

MEDIUM: 1 negative : glass ; 8 x 10 in. CREATED, PUBLISHED: ca. 1920-ca. 1950. CREATOR: Horydczak, Theodor, ca. 1890-1971, photographer.

PART OF: Theodor Horydczak Collection (Library of Congress) Horydczak, Theodor, ca. 1890-1971.

This image is a faithful reproduction of a two-dimensional work of art and thus not copyrightable in itself in the U.S. as per Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp.; the same is also true in many other countries, including Germany.The original two-dimensional work shown in this image is free content because:

This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, Canada, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" PDF from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 (THIS IMAGE) are now in the public domain.

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGITAL ID: (intermediary roll film) thc 5a35730, hdl.loc.gov/thc.5a35730 , CARD #: thc1995013398/PP

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-H834-P01-016]
George Washington. Copy of painting by Gilbert Stuart, 1931 - 1932, National Archives and Records Administration
Creator: George Washington Bicentennial Commission. (ca. 1924 - ca. 12/31/1934) ( Most Recent) Type of Archival Materials: Photographs and other Graphic Materials, Level of Description: Item from Record Group 148: Records of Commissions of the Legislative Branch, 1928 - 2006.
Location: Still Picture Records LICON, Special Media Archives Services Division (NWCS-S), National Archives at College Park, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001 PHONE: 301-837-3530, FAX: 301-837-3621, EMAIL: stillpix@nara.gov. Coverage Dates: 1931 - 1932.

Part of: Series: The George Washington Bicentennial Commission, 1931 - 1932
Access Restrictions: Unrestricted, Use Restrictions: Unrestricted, General Note: Use Presidents List Number 35 when ordering a reproduction or requesting information about this image. Variant Control Number(s):
NAIL Control Number: NWDNS-148-GW-426Local Identifier: NWDNS-148-GW-426

Copy 1, Copy Status: Preservation Storage Facility: National Archives at College Park - Archives II (College Park, MD), Media, Media Type: Negative

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Sunday, February 18, 2007

Black History Month, Red Ball Express

Black History Month, Red Ball Express, Special Media Archives Services Division (NWCS-S), National Archives at College Park, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD.ARC Identifier: 531220, Title: Corporal Charles H. Johnson of the 783rd Military Police Battalion, waves on a "Red Ball Express" motor convoy rushing priority materiel to the forward areas, near Alenon, France., 09/05/1944
Creator: Department of Defense. Department of the Army. Office of the Chief Signal Officer. (09/18/1947 - 02/28/1964) ( Most Recent), Type of Archival Materials: Photographs and other Graphic Materials, Level of Description:
Item from Record Group 111: Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1982.

The vast majority of the digital images in the Archival Research Catalog (ARC) are in the public domain (THIS IMAGE). Therefore, no written permission is required to use them. We would appreciate your crediting the National Archives and Records Administration as the original source.

Location: Still Picture Records LICON, Special Media Archives Services Division (NWCS-S), National Archives at College Park, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001 PHONE: 301-837-3530, FAX: 301-837-3621, EMAIL: stillpix@nara.gov, Production Date: 09/05/1944

Part of: Series: Signal Corps Photographs of American Military Activity, 1754 - 1954, Access Restrictions: Unrestricted, Use Restrictions: Unrestricted, General Note: Use War and Conflict Number 853 when ordering a reproduction or requesting information about this image. Variant Control Number(s): Local Identifier: NWDNS-111-SC-195512 NAIL Control Number: NWDNS-111-SC-195512.

Copy 1, Copy Status: Preservation-Reproduction, Storage Facility: National Archives at College Park - Archives II (College Park, MD), Media Media Type: Negative, Index Terms

Index Terms, Contributors to Authorship and/or Production of the Archival Materials, Bowen, Photographer
Black History Month, Red Ball Express, Photo courtesy Army Transportation MuseumAfrican American members of the World War II Red Ball Express repair a 2.5-ton truck while a crewman at a machine gun keeps watch for the enemy. Photo courtesy Army Transportation Museum. (Click photo for screen- resolution image; high-resolution image available.) .
Information presented on DefenseLINK is considered public information and may be distributed or copied unless otherwise specified. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credits is requested.

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African Americans Gain Fame as World War II Red Ball Express Drivers
Visit the DoD "African-American History Month" web site

By Rudi Williams, American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, Feb. 15, 2002 -- "When Gen. Patton said for you be there, you were there if you had to drive all day and all night. Those trucks just kept running. They'd break down, we'd fix them and they'd run again," said James D. Rookard, a truck driver with the famous World War II Red Ball Express.

Army Gen. George S. Patton's bold armored advance across France in 1944 is credited historically as a significant contribution to the Allied victory in Europe in World War II. The Allied breakout from Normandy and the French hedgerow country in the summer started a race to Paris and points north and east. Patton stretched his supply line to near-collapse.

Since an army without gas, bullets and food would quickly be defeated, the Army Transportation Corps created a huge trucking operation called the "Red Ball Express" on Aug. 21, 1944. Supply trucks started rolling Aug. 25 and continued for 82 days. Men like Rookard, then 19, played a major role in the Nazis' defeat by ensuring U.S. and Allied warfighters had what they needed to sweep across France into Germany.

Nearly 75 percent of all Red Ball Express drivers, like Rookard, were African American. That's because well before and during the war, U.S. commanders in general believed African Americans had no mettle or guts for combat. Consequently, the Army relegated blacks primarily to "safe" service and supply outfits and the Navy assigned them as mess stewards. All Marines are combat troops -- the Corps refused to take blacks at all until 1942.

"Red Ball Express" was the Army code name for a truck convoy system that stretched from St. Lo in Normandy to Paris and eventually to the front along France's northeastern borderland. The route was marked with red balls. On an average day, 900 fully loaded vehicles were on the Red Ball route round-the-clock with drivers officially ordered to observe 60-yard intervals and a top speed of 25 miles per hour.

At the Red Ball's peak, 140 truck companies were strung out with a round trip taking 54 hours as the route stretched nearly 400 miles to First Army and 350 to Patton's Third. Rookard recalled convoys rolling all day every day regardless of the weather. Night driving was hard because of blackout rules.

"We had to drive slowly at night because we had to use 'cat eyes,' and you could hardly see," he said. "If you turned on your headlights, the Germans could bomb the whole convoy. So we had to feel our way down the road." "Cat- eyes" were slitted headlight covers that reduced light to a dim beam on the highway.

Nobody wanted to invite air or ground ambushes -- only some trucks had .50-caliber machine guns for defense, he said. The drivers carried only carbines.

The strain on personnel and equipment began to show. Drivers wanted to live up to their growing reputation among combat units and reporters, who sent home news stories about their exploits. They regularly began to ignore speed and weight limits and their own fatigue. The number of one- vehicle accidents climbed. The solution was easy -- the Army assigned relief drivers to ride shotgun.

"We hauled anything Gen. Patton needed," said Rookard, who was drafted into the Army in March 1943 and was discharged in December 1946. "We took supplies all the way to the front line, back and forth, back and forth. Some of the fellows ran into ambushes, but my company, Company C, 514th Quartermaster Regiment, wasn't. We were lucky, because there was shooting all around us. The Germans had 'buzz bombs' (V-1 missiles). They were set to fly a certain amount of miles and (then) drop just like a bomb. We had to watch out for those.

"My worst memories of being in the Red Ball Express were seeing trucks get blown up and being afraid that I might get killed," said Rookard of Maple Heights, Ohio. "There were dead bodies and dead horses on the highways after bombs dropped. I was scared, but I did my job, hoping for the best. Being young and about 4,000 miles away from home, anybody would be scared."

Rookard, who became a Cleveland city truck driver after the war and retired in 1986, said the only fond memory he has is that of the French people, who treated African Americans nice.

"Some of the white soldiers told the French people that black soldiers had tails and stuff like that," he said. "But other than that, our company didn't have too much trouble with segregation and discrimination."

When the program ended in mid-November 1944, Red Ball Express truckers had delivered 412,193 tons of gas, oil, lubricants, ammunition, food and other essentials. By then, 210,209 African Americans were serving in Europe and 93,292 of them were in the Quartermaster Corps. African Americans Gain Fame as World War II Red Ball Express Drivers

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Saturday, February 17, 2007

Colored Waiting Room Black History Month,

Colored Waiting Room

Unedited Image
TITLE: A Greyhound bus trip from Louisville, Kentucky, to Memphis, Tennessee, and the terminals. Sign at bus station. Rome, Georgia, CALL NUMBER: LC-USW3- 037939-E [P&P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USW3-037939-E (b&w film nitrate neg.), LC-USZ62-75338 (b&w film copy neg. from file print).

Digital ID: fsa 8d33365 Source: digital file from intermediary roll film Reproduction Number: LC-USW3-037939-E (b&w film nitrate neg.) , LC-USZ62-75338 (b&w film copy neg. from file print) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 Retrieve uncompressed archival TIFF version (293 kilobytes)

Additional versions and related images, Digital ID: cph 3b22541Source: b&w film copy neg. from file print Medium resolution JPEG version (52 kilobytes)

MEDIUM: 1 negative : nitrate ; 2 1/4 x 2 1/4 inches or smaller. CREATED, PUBLISHED: 1943 Sept. CREATOR: ESTHER BUBLEY photographer.

NOTES: Title and other information from caption sheet entry. LOT 0885 (Location of corresponding print.), Transfer; United States. Office of War Information. Overseas Picture Division. Washington Division; 1944. Film copy on SIS roll 15, frame 2175.

Creator(s): Bubley, Esther, photographer. Date Created / Published: 1943 Sept. Medium: 1 negative : nitrate ; 2 1/4 x 2 1/4 inches or smaller. Reproduction Number: LC-USW3-037939-E (b&w film nitrate neg.) LC-USZ62-75338 (b&w film copy neg. from file print)
Rights Advisory: No known restrictions. For information, see U.S. Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Black & White Photographs (www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/071_fsab)

Generally speaking, works created by U.S. Government employees (THIS IMAGE) are not eligible for copyright protection in the United States. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" PDF from the U.S. Copyright Office.

Summary: Most photographs in this collection are considered to be in the public domain; (THIS IMAGE) PART OF: Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection (Library of Congress)

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 DIGITAL ID: (digital file from intermediary roll film) fsa 8d33365, hdl.loc.gov/fsa.8d33365 , (b&w film copy neg. from file print) cph 3b22541, hdl.loc.gov/cph.3b22541 , OTHER NUMBER: E 5153, CARD #: owi2001035842/PP

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Friday, February 16, 2007

Women's History Month Jeannette Rankin

Women's History Month Jeannette Rankin, Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-8422TITLE: Jeannette Rankin, CALL NUMBER: BIOG FILE - Rankin, Jeannette [item] [P&P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZ62-8422 (b&w film copy neg.), No known restrictions on publication. SUMMARY: Portrait, bust, facing left. MEDIUM: 1 photographic print.

CREATED/PUBLISHED: c1916 Aug. 1. NOTES: This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.
Digital ID: cph 3a11030 Source: b&w film copy neg. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-8422 (b&w film copy neg.) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve uncompressed archival TIFF version (1,347 kilobytes)

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 are now in the public domain.

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGITAL ID: (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a11030 hdl.loc.gov/cph.3a11030 , CARD #: 2004672791

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-8422]

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

Jeannette Rankin, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jeannette Rankin (June 11, 1880 – May 18, 1973) was the first woman elected to the United States House of Representatives and the first female member of Congress. A Republican and a lifelong pacifist, she was the only member of Congress to vote against United States entry into both World War II and World War I. Additionally, she led resistance to the Vietnam War.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Jeannette Rankin.

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Thursday, February 15, 2007

Happy Saint Patrick's Day

+sookie tex. Happy Saint Patrick's Day, St. Patrick. Public Domain ClipArt Stock Photos and Images.

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Happy Saint Patrick's Day

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Saint Patrick's Day, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saint Patrick's Day (Irish: Lá 'le Pádraig or Lá Fhéile Pádraig), colloquially - but to some a derogatory term - Paddy's Day, is the feast day which annually celebrates Saint Patrick (386-493), the patron saint of Ireland, on March 17. It is the national holiday and one of the public holidays in the Republic of Ireland (a bank holiday in Northern Ireland); the overseas territory of Montserrat; and the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

The person who was to become St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, was born in Wales about AD 385. His given name was Maewyn, and he almost didn't get the job of bishop of Ireland because he lacked the required scholarship. Far from being a saint, until he was 16, he considered himself a pagan. At that age, he was sold into slavery by a group of Irish marauders that raided his village. During his captivity, he became closer to God. He escaped from slavery after six years and went to Gaul where he studied in the monastery under St. Germain, bishop of Auxerre for a period of twelve years. During his training he became aware that his calling was to convert the pagans to Christianity.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Saint Patrick's Day.

Wednesday, February 14, 2007

Black History Month, Booker T. Washington

 Booker T. Washington, Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-49568TITLE: Booker T. Washington 1859-1915, CALL NUMBER: BIOG FILE - Washington, Booker Taliaferro, 1859-1915. [item] [P&P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZ62-49568 (b&w film copy neg.), No known restrictions on publication.
Digital ID: cph 3a49671 Source: b&w film copy neg. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-49568 (b&w film copy neg.) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve uncompressed archival TIFF version (1,616 kilobytes)

Booker T. WashingtonBooker Taliaferro Washington. Cheynes Studio. Photograph, ca. 1903. LC-USZ62-49568.

edited jpg High Resolution Image 192.07 KB

unedited jpg High Resolution Image 213.62 kb

Booker T. Washington, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

He was born into slavery to a white father and a slave mother on a rural farm in southwestern Virginia. After the slaves were freed there in 1865, he worked in West Virginia in a variety of manual labor jobs for several years before making his way to Hampton Roads seeking an education. He worked his way through the school which is now Hampton University and attended college at Wayland Seminary.

After returning to Hampton as a teacher, upon recommendation of Hampton's president, Sam Armstrong, he was named in 1881 as the first leader of the new normal school which became Tuskegee University in Alabama. This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Booker T. Washington.

SUMMARY: Portrait, three-quarters, seated, facing right. MEDIUM: 1 photographic print. CREATED, PUBLISHED: c1903.

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 are now in the public domain.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-49568]

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

NOTES: Copyright by Cheynes Studio, Hampton, Va. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGITAL ID: (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a49671 hdl.loc.gov/cph.3a49671 , CARD #: 2004672766

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Tuesday, February 13, 2007

Flag Raising on Iwo Jima, 02/23/1945

Flag Raising on Iwo Jima, Joe Rosenthal, 02/23/1945, United States National Archives and Records Administration.Creator: Department of Defense. Department of the Navy. Naval Photographic Center. (09/18/1947 - ?) ( Most Recent), Type of Archival Materials: Photographs and other Graphic Materials. Use Restrictions: Unrestricted
Level of Description: Item from Record Group 80: General Records of the Department of the Navy, 1804 - 1958.

The vast majority of the digital images in the Archival Research Catalog (ARC) are in the public domain (THIS IMAGE). Therefore, no written permission is required to use them. We would appreciate your crediting the National Archives and Records Administration as the original source. For the few images that remain copyrighted, please read the instructions noted in the "Access Restrictions" field of each ARC record.

Location: Still Picture Records LICON, Special Media Archives Services Division (NWCS-S), National Archives at College Park, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001 PHONE: 301-837-3530, FAX: 301-837-3621, EMAIL: stillpix@nara.gov

Coverage Dates: 02/23/1945, Part of: Series: General Photographic File of the Department of Navy, 1943 - 1958, Access Restrictions: Unrestricted, Use Restrictions: Unrestricted

Variant Control Number(s): Local Identifier: 1221, Cite War and Conflict Number 1221, the local identifier, when ordering a reproduction or requesting information about this image. Former Local Identifier: 80-G-413988, NAIL Control Number: NWDNS-80-G-413988

Copy 1 Copy Status: Preservation-Reproduction, Storage Facility: National Archives at College Park - Archives II (College Park, MD), Media, Media Type: Negative

Index Terms: Contributors to Authorship and/or Production of the Archival Materials, Rosenthal, Joe, Photographer.

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Monday, February 12, 2007

Black History Month, Martin Luther King, LBJ

Martin Luther King and LBJ. Public Domain ClipArt Stock Photos and Images. Description: Martin Luther King, Jr. at the White House with Lyndon Johnson, March 18, 1966. By Yoichi Okamoto. Keywords: civil rights, Credit: Lyndon Baines Johnson Library. High Resolution Image

White House Photo by Yoichi Okamoto is Public Domain. Generally speaking, works created by U.S. Government employees are not eligible for copyright protection in the United States. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" PDF. from the U.S. Copyright Office.

About the photographer: Yoichi Okamoto (1915–1985) Born in Yonkers, New York, Yoichi Okamoto was educated at Colgate University. After serving as a still-and motion-picture photographer in the U.S. Army in World War II, he headed the Army's Signal Corps's photo office in occupied Austria and then worked briefly as a photographer for a newspaper in Syracuse, New York. Mr. Okamoto then joined the United States Information Agency (USIA) serving as staff photographer in USIA posts in Germany and Austria, and eventually as chief of the Visual Materials Branch in Washington, DC.

Martin Luther King, Jr. at the White House with Lyndon Johnson

Two of his photographs were chosen for the landmark 1955 Museum of Modern Art's photography exhibition "The Family of Man." In 1961, Mr. Okamoto accompanied Vice President Lyndon Johnson on an official visit to West Berlin. Mr. Johnson was so impressed with Mr. Okamoto's work that he was asked to join the Vice President on several other trips. When Mr. Johnson became President, he appointed Mr. Okamoto White House photographer. After President Johnson left office in 1969, Mr. Okamoto founded a custom photo studio in Washington, DC.

Yoichi Okamoto's photography reveals a gift for capturing his subject's personality. This is especially true of his work as White House photographer, where he gained unprecedented access to Lyndon Johnson. Mr. Okamoto was able to anticipate the President's changeable moods, and his candid images tell us much about LBJ's personal political style. His goal, he told President Johnson, was not just to take portraits, but "to hang around and try to document history in the making." In his other government work, Mr. Okamoto demonstrated a strong appreciation for setting and context. His images of Washington, DC, and Munich, Germany, for example, show us the joys and irritations of urban life.

Yoichi Okamoto's photography is well represented in the holdings of the National Archives. In addition to his White House photographs that are preserved at the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library in Austin, Texas, his work as a USIA staff member, as well as some of his later freelance photographs, are among USIA photographic files at the National Archives at College Park. In 1973, Mr. Okamoto completed several assignments for the Environmental Protection Agency's DOCUMERICA project. These photographs and some of his letters are also found in THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES.

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Sunday, February 11, 2007

Holidays, National Nutrition Month

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For National Nutrition Month® 2007, the Best Path to Fitness and Health Is to Be 100% Fad Free.

CHICAGO – Diet fads come and go, and some may help you lose weight – in the short term. For National Nutrition Month® 2007, the American Dietetic Association says the most effective long-term way to achieve a healthful lifestyle is to be 100% Fad Free.

“You can lose weight on virtually any diet,” said registered dietitian and ADA spokesperson Roberta Anding. “If you eat less, you will lose weight. The question is, can you maintain a healthy lifestyle over the long term – your life? The real key to reaching long-term goals is to focus on your overall health.”

Through National Nutrition Month, created in 1973, the American Dietetic Association promotes healthful eating by providing practical nutrition guidance and focusing attention on making informed food choices and developing sound physical activity habits. National Nutrition Month also reminds consumers that registered dietitians are their most valuable and credible source of timely, science-based information.

Anding encourages everyone to keep in mind these National Nutrition Month key messages to enjoy a 100% Fad Free lifestyle: National Nutrition Month® Media Materials 2007

Media contact: Jennifer Starkey, Julia Dombrowski, Tom Ryan800/877-1600, ext. 4802, 4769, 4894 media@eatright.org

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Saturday, February 10, 2007

Black History Month, Teaching the Negro recruits

TITLE: Teaching the Negro, Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-118150]TITLE: Teaching the Negro recruits the use of the minie rifle, CALL NUMBER: Illus. in AP2.H32 1863 Case Y [P&P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZ62-118150 (b&w film copy neg.), No known restrictions on publication., MEDIUM: 1 print : wood engraving., CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1863, NOTES: Illus. in: Harper's weekly, v. 7, 1863 March 14, p. 161
Digital ID: cph 3c18150 Source: b&w film copy neg. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-118150 (b&w film copy neg.) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve higher resolution JPEG version (129 kilobytes)

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA, DIGITAL ID: (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3c18150 hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/, CARD #: 97512388

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-118150]

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 are now in the public domain.

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Mardi Gras Lighting

Chess Club illuminated. Canal Street, New Orleans, La. Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-63134]TITLE: [Chess Club illuminated. Canal Street, New Orleans, La.], CALL NUMBER: LOT 5249 [item] [P&P] Check for an online group record (may link to related items), REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZ62-63134 (b&w film copy neg.) No known restrictions on publication.
Digital ID: cph 3b10769 Source: digital file from b&w film copy neg. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-63134 (b&w film copy neg.) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve uncompressed archival TIFF version (1,836 kilobytes)

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 (THIS IMAGE) are now in the public domain.

MEDIUM: 1 photographic print. CREATED, PUBLISHED: c1903.

NOTES: Photo copyrighted by John N. Teunisson, for the New Orleans Railways Co. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Lighting; Mardi Gras; Louisiana--N- O- --Views; Streets; Chess C-; Shelf.

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGITAL ID: (digital file from b&w film copy neg.) cph 3b10769 hdl.loc.gov/cph.3b10769 , CARD #: 2005685064

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-63134]

Friday, February 09, 2007

Holidays, Poison Prevention Awareness Month

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About Images on DefenseLINK, All of these files are in the public domain unless otherwise indicated.However, we request you credit the photographer/videographer as indicated or simply "Department of Defense."

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March is Poison Prevention Month, a time to enhance our awareness of the dangers of the poisons around us. Every 30 seconds a child is poisoned in the United States. Children under the age of six are at the greatest risk of accidentally being poisoned. In fact, 60 percent of all poisonings occur in this age group. March is Poison Prevention Month

Did you know that every 39 seconds a caregiver in the U.S. calls a poison center regarding a child who's been exposed to a poison? National Poison Prevention Month was created to address this problem using the theme: "Children Act Fast...So Do Poisons!" Get Set for Poison Prevention Month - March 2007

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Thursday, February 08, 2007

Mardi Gras, Comus parades

Mardi Gras, Comus paradesFloat design lithograph, Comus Mardi Gras Parade, New Orleans, 1912
This image is in the public domain in the United States. In this case, it means that it was first published in the United States prior to January 1, 1923. Other jurisdictions may have other rules, and this image might not be in the public domain outside the United States.

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 (THIS IMAGE) are now in the public domain.

Mistick Krewe of Comus, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The first Comus parade was held on Mardi Gras 1857, and this became an annual event. Other organizations sprung up in New Orleans in the 19th century inspired by the Comus model and also came to be known as "Krewes".

Parading on Mardi Gras night, Comus was the final parade of the New Orleans carnival season for many years. It was much smaller and more sedate than the other parades of the day put on by Rex and the Zulu Social Aid & Pleasure Club. The Comus parades became known for their sometimes obscure themes relating to ancient history and mythology. While other New Orleans parades might have themes like "Foods of the World" or "Broadway Show Tunes", Comus would present themes like "Serpent Deities of the Ancient Near East".

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Mistick Krewe of Comus.

Wednesday, February 07, 2007

Science and Technology, Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin, aged 51"Charles Darwin, aged 51." Scanned from Karl Pearson, The Life, Letters, and Labours of Francis Galton. Photo originally from the 1859 or 1860. Charles_Darwin_aged_51.jpg‎ (116KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)
The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain worldwide due to the date of death of its author (the author has been dead for over 70 years), or due to its date of publication (it was first made public in the U.S. before 1923). Therefore this photographical reproduction is also in the public domain, at least in the United States (see Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp.), in Germany, and in many other countries.

Charles Darwin From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles Robert Darwin (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an eminent English naturalist who achieved lasting fame by convincing the scientific community that species develop over time from a common origin. His theories explaining this phenomenon through natural and sexual selection are central to the modern understanding of evolution as the unifying theory of the life sciences, essential in biology and important in other disciplines such as anthropology, psychology and philosophy.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Charles Darwin.
Charles Darwin, Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ61-104]TITLE: Charles Darwin. CALL NUMBER: No call number recorded on caption card [item] [P&P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZ61-104 (b&w film copy neg.), No known restrictions on publication.
Digital ID: cph 3a01900 Source: b&w film copy neg. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ61-104 (b&w film copy neg.) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve uncompressed archival TIFF version (1,500 kilobytes)

MEDIUM: 1 photographic print. CREATED, PUBLISHED: [no date recorded on caption card], NOTES: This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA, DIGITAL ID: (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a01900 hdl.loc.gov/cph.3a01900 , CARD #: 2002725182

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ61-104]

Generally speaking, works created by U.S. Government employees are not eligible for copyright protection in the United States. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office.

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Tuesday, February 06, 2007

Mardi Gras scenery 2, New Orleans, Louisiana

TITLE: Mardi Gras scenery, New Orleans, La. Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, _ _ _ _ _ ]
Digital ID: pan 6a28003 Source: digital file from intermediary roll film copy
Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. High Resolution Image 545K

TITLE: Mardi Gras scenery, New Orleans, La. CALL NUMBER: PAN SUBJECT - Events no. 8 (F size) [P&P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: _ _ _ _ _ No known restrictions on publication. MEDIUM: 1 photographic print : gelatin silver ; 8 x 57 in.

CREATED, PUBLISHED: c1910. RELATED NAMES: Barnett, A. L., copyright claimant. NOTES: J138558 U.S. Copyright Office Copyright deposit; A. L. Barnett; February 16, 1910. Neg. no. 4.

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 (THIS IMAGE) are now in the public domain.

PART OF: Panoramic photographs (Library of Congress), REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGITAL ID: (digital file from intermediary roll film copy) pan 6a28003, hdl.loc.gov/pan.6a28003, CARD #: pan1993002962/PP

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, _ _ _ _ _ ]

While beads, costumes, and King Cakes are all great additions to Mardi Gras, the Carnival season wouldn't be where it was today without its famous parades rolling through the streets of New Orleans Mardi Gras Official Site 2007

Monday, February 05, 2007

Mardi Gras, "Mistick Krewe of Comus" Epicurean floats

TITLE: Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans, Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-62521]TITLE: Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans, Tuesday, March 6 - Procession of the "Mistick Krewe of Comus" [Epicurean floats], CALL NUMBER: Illus. in AP2.L52 1867 [Case Y] [P&P]
REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZ62-62521 (b&w film copy neg.), No known restrictions on publication.

Digital ID: cph 3b10164 Source: b&w film copy neg. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-62521 (b&w film copy neg.) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve uncompressed archival TIFF version (1,518 kilobytes)

MEDIUM: 1 print : wood engraving. CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1867. Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 (THIS IMAGE) are now in the public domain.

Mistick Krewe of Comus, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(founded in 1856) is a New Orleans, Louisiana Carnival krewe. Prior to the advent of Comus, Carnival celebrations in New Orleans were mostly confined to the Roman Catholic Creole community, and parades were irregular and often very informally organized.

The Mistick Krewe of Comus also originated another Carnival tradition: the so-called Meeting of the Courts. The practice originated in 1892, when Rex (the King of Carnival) and his Queen paid a formal visit to the throne of Comus. This ritualized meeting eventually evolved into the symbolic conclusion of the Mardi Gras season, a practice which continues to this day.

Although Rex is the titular "King" of Carnival, observers believe that the Meeting of the Courts -- in which Rex leaves his own festivities and is received by a seated Comus at the Mistick Krewe's bal masque -- establishes Comus as the more prestigious of the two organizations in the Carnival hierarchy. This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Mistick Krewe of Comus.

NOTES: Title and other information transcribed from caption card. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, vol. 24, no. 601 (1867 Apr. 6), p. 41. Reference copy may be in LOT 4446. Caption card tracings: La.--N--O--; Shelf.

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGITAL ID: (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3b10164 hdl.loc.gov/cph.3b10164 , CARD #: 99614058

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-USZ62-62521]

Sunday, February 04, 2007

Mardi Gras scenery, New Orleans, Louisiana

TITLE: Mardi Gras scenery, New Orleans, La. Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, _ _ _ _ _ ]
Digital ID: pan 6a27991 Source: digital file from intermediary roll film copy
Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA High Resolution Image (677k)

TITLE: Mardi Gras scenery, New Orleans, La. CALL NUMBER: PAN SUBJECT - Events no. 7 (F size) [P&anp;P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: _ _ _ _ _ No known restrictions on publication. MEDIUM: 1 photographic print : gelatin silver ; 8 x 59 in. CREATED, PUBLISHED: c1910.

Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office. Works published works before 1923 (THIS IMAGE) are now in the public domain.

RELATED NAMES: Barnett, A. L., copyright claimant. NOTES: J138556 U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright deposit; A. L. Barnett; February 16, 1910. Neg. no. 2.

PART OF: Panoramic photographs (Library of Congress), REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA, DIGITAL ID: (digital file from intermediary roll film copy) pan 6a27991 hdl.loc.gov/pan.6a27991 , CARD #: pan1993002961/PP

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, _ _ _ _ _ ]

Louisiana Ratified a New State Constitution December 8, 1879

Before Europeans settled in Louisiana, Native Americans had lived there for 16,000 years. Although the Spanish were the first Europeans to discover Louisiana, the French were the first to colonize the territory. French Canadians from the colony of Acadia sought refuge in Louisiana during the 1750s and 1760s after being driven out of Canada by the British. The Acadians' descendants, the "Cajuns," culturally dominate much of southern Louisiana. Today, New Orleans is a "melting pot" of French, Spanish, and African cultures, and hosts the colorful Mardi Gras festival each year.

Copyrights (TEXT), Whenever possible, the Library of Congress provides factual information about copyright owners and related matters in the catalog records, finding aids, and other texts that accompany collections. (no claim for this text)The Library of Congress wants to hear from any copyright owners who are not properly identified on this Web site so that we may make the necessary corrections. America's Library

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Saturday, February 03, 2007

Mardi Gras, mask, beads, and doubloons

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Image of a Mardi Gras mask, a pair of mardi Gras beads, and Mardi Gras doubloons.Mardi Gras Season in New Orleans, A Local Legacy.

Do you celebrate Fat Tuesday? If you live in New Orleans, Louisiana, or any place else along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, you probably do.
Every year, the people of New Orleans celebrate Mardi Gras, which is French for "Fat Tuesday." This holiday is the day before Ash Wednesday, and it begins a season of fasting, called Lent, for many Christians leading up to Easter Sunday. It's called Fat Tuesday because it's the last day that many people eat meat and fatty foods before Lent begins.

Today, Mardi Gras season in New Orleans is a time of merry-making and festivity. Many clubs in the city, called krewes (pronounced "crews"), sponsor extravagant parades and masked balls in the weeks leading up to Fat Tuesday. It's a lot of fun to try to catch the trinkets that are thrown to the crowds from the parade floats. Every krewe has a king and queen, whose identities are kept secret until the night of the ball. It's all part of the fun and mystery of Mardi Gras.

Digital Rights and Copyright (IMAGE)

Most information presented on the USDA Web site is considered public domain information. Public domain information may be freely distributed or copied, but use of appropriate byline/photo/image credits is requested. Attribution may be cited as follows: "U. S. Department of Agriculture." National Finance Center

Copyrights (TEXT)

Whenever possible, the Library of Congress provides factual information about copyright owners and related matters in the catalog records, finding aids, and other texts that accompany collections. (no claim for this text)

The Library of Congress wants to hear from any copyright owners who are not properly identified on this Web site so that we may make the necessary corrections. America's Library

Generally speaking, works created by U.S. Government employees are not eligible for copyright protection in the United States. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" from the U.S. Copyright Office.