Thursday, May 24, 2007

Father's Day Father and Daughter

Home and fruit stand of the Cavicchio familyTITLE: Home and fruit stand of the Cavicchio family. 64 Bedford Street. Somerville, Mass. Both the mother and Mary, 10 years old, worked off and on all day out here with the soot from the passing engines dropping so fast it had to be shaken off.

A new tunnel is being dug in front of the house. Mother and Mary tend the fruit stand while crocheting and the work is thrown over the railing and fence near by. Their garments are filthy and grimy. See also Home Work report. Location: Somerville, Massachusetts.

Digital ID: nclc 04789 Source: color digital file from b&w original print Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-nclc-04789 (color digital file from b&w original print) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Retrieve higher resolution JPEG version (155 kilobytes)

CALL NUMBER: LOT 7483, v. 2, no. 2948-A[P&P], REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-DIG-nclc-04789 (color digital file from b&w original print), No known restrictions on publication. MEDIUM: 1 photographic print. CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1912 August.

CREATOR: Hine, Lewis Wickes, 1874-1940, photographer. NOTES: Title from NCLC caption card. Attribution to Hine based on provenance. In album: Miscellaneous. Hine no. 2948-A.

PART OF: Photographs from the records of the National Child Labor Committee (U.S.), REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. DIGITAL ID: (color digital file from b&w original print) nclc 04789, CARD#: ncl2004003481/PP

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-DIG-nclc-04789]

MARC Record Line 540 - No known restrictions on publication.

The United States is one of the few countries in the world that has an official day on which fathers are honored by their children. On the third Sunday in June, fathers all across the United States are given presents, treated to dinner or otherwise made to feel special. .

The origin of Father's Day is not clear. Some say that it began with a church service in West Virginia in 1908. Others say the first Father's Day ceremony was held in Vancouver, Washington.

The president of the Chicago branch of the Lions' Club, Harry Meek, is said to have celebrated the first Father's Day with his organization in 1915; and the day that they chose was the third Sunday in June, the closest date to Meek's own birthday!

Regardless of when the first true Father's Day occurred, the strongest promoter of the holiday was Mrs. Bruce John Dodd of Spokane, Washington. Mrs. Dodd felt that she had an outstanding father. He was a veteran of the Civil War. His wife had died young, and he had raised six children without their mother.

In 1909, Mrs. Dodd approached her own minister and others in Spokane about having a church service dedicated to fathers on June 5, her father's birthday. That date was too soon for her minister to prepare the service, so he spoke a few weeks later on June 19th. From then on, the state of Washington celebrated the third Sunday in June as Father's Day. Children made special desserts, or visited their fathers if they lived apart.

States and organizations began lobbying Congress to declare an annual Father's Day. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson approved of this idea, but it was not until 1924 when President Calvin Coolidge made it a national event to "establish more intimate relations between fathers and their children and to impress upon fathers the full measure of their obligations." Since then, fathers had been honored and recognized by their families throughout the country on the third Sunday in June.

When children can't visit their fathers or take them out to dinner, they send a greeting card. Traditionally, fathers prefer greeting cards that are not too sentimental. Most greeting cards are whimsical so fathers laugh when they open them. Some give heartfelt thanks for being there whenever the child needed Dad. - Celebrate Fathers U.S.Embassy Stockholm

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