Sunday, August 28, 2005

Golden Currant (Ribes aureum) COLOR PHOTO

Golden Currant (Ribes aureum) FREE COLOR PHOTO - Golden Currant (Ribes aureum), Pursh golden currant, Symbol: RIAU, Group: Dicot, Family: Grossulariaceae, Growth Habit: Shrub, Duration: Perennial, U.S. Nativity: Native. View 3 genera in Grossulariaceae, 57 species in RibesThe fragrant (clove odor), golden-yellow flowers of spring, yellowish to red fall foliage, edible fruits, and wide ecological range make golden currant a valued ornamental shrub for a variety of natural landscapes. Golden currant is easily cultivated from seed or cuttings.

A native shrub 1-3 m tall, spineless, with numerous, erect-arching branches forming an irregular crown up to 6 meters tall or more; bark gray to red-brown.

Alternate common names, Buffalo currant, fragrant golden currant, golden flowering currant, clove currant, spicebush.

Uses, Fruits of Ribes species, including the golden currant, are a valuable food source for songbirds, chipmunks, ground squirrels, as well as numerous wildlife species and other animals. The sweet and flavorful fruits are full of seeds but are popular for making jam, jelly, pie, and even ice cream. Some western Indian tribes used currants (Ribes species) for making pemmican. The Kiowa Indians believed that snakes were afraid of the currant bush and used it as a snakebite remedy. Other tribes have used the fruits to color clay pots.

golden currant is widespread in the western US and southeastern Canada, with populations in Ontario and perhaps Quebec, as far south in the US as trans-Pecos Texas. Var. gracillimum is endemic to California. Var. villosum in the central US, from western Texas to Montana and eastward to New York and Vermont; it is absent from the Atlantic seaboard.

Golden Currant (Ribes aureum) FREE COLOR PHOTO

Title: Golden Currant, Alternative Title: (none), Creator: Smith, Elise, Source: WO-8567-CD-39B, Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Contributor: DIVISION OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS, Language: EN - ENGLISH, Rights: (public domain), Audience: (general), Subject: Plant, Plants, Flowering Plants, Botany, Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge.

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USDA, NRCS. 2005. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 ( Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

Kingdom Plantae – Plants, Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants, Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants, Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants, Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons, Subclass Rosidae –, Order Rosales –, Family Grossulariaceae – Currant family, Genus Ribes L. – currant, Species Ribes aureum Pursh – golden currant.

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