Tuesday, August 02, 2005

Yellow Jessamine - State Flower of South Carolina

* Family: Logania (Loganiaceae)
* Flowering: March-October
* Field Marks: This vine is distinguished by its short, trumpet-shaped, very fragrant, yellow flowers and its entire, evergreen, opposite leaves.
* Habitat: From moist to wet soil in woodlands, thickets, and along fencerows.
* Habit: Climbing or trailing vine up to 20 feet long.
* Stems: Slender, smooth.
* Leaves: Opposite, simple, evergreen, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, pointed at the tip, tapering or rounded at the base, without teeth, smooth, up to 3 inches long, up to 1 inch wide, on short stalks.
* Flowers: 1-6 in the axils of the leaves, very fragrant.
* Sepals: 5, green, attached at base, oblong, rounded at the tip.
* Petals: 5, bright yellow, united to form a short trumpet up to 1 1/2 inches long.
* Stamens: 5, attached to the tube of the petals.
* Pistils: Ovary superior; style slender, 4-parted.
* Fruits: Capsules elliptic, flat, 1/3-1/2 inch long, with flat seeds winged at the tip.

This image is not copyrighted and may be freely used for any purpose. Please credit the artist, original publication if applicable, and the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. The following format is suggested and will be appreciated:

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Texas State Office.Yellow Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens) was named the state flower of South Carolina in 1924. Popular half hardy climbing shrub. Best in partial shade. attractive Glossy green leaves about 2 inches long with sweet scented yellow jasmine like flowers in spring.

Clarence A. Rechenthin @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database Download Full High Resolution Image

Kingdom Plantae – Plants, Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants, Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants, Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants, Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons, Subclass Asteridae –, Order Gentianales – Family Loganiaceae – Logania family, Genus Gelsemium Juss. – trumpetflower, Species Gelsemium sempervirens (L.) St. Hil. – evening trumpetflower (Yellow Jessamine)

Text Reference: USDA-NRCS. 2005. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

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