Wednesday, August 03, 2005

Red Clover - State Flower of Vermont

Common Names—red clover, cow clover, meadow clover, wild clover Latin Name—Trifolium pratense.

What It Is Used For: Historically, red clover has been used for cancer and respiratory problems, such as whooping cough, asthma, and bronchitis. Current uses of red clover are for menopausal symptoms, breast pain associated with menstrual cycles, high cholesterol, osteoporosis, and symptoms of prostate enlargement.

How It Is Used: The flowering tops of the red clover plant are used to prepare extracts available in tablets and capsules, as well as in teas and liquid forms.

This image is not copyrighted and may be freely used for any purpose. Please credit the artist, original publication if applicable, and the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. The following format is suggested and will be appreciated:

Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1992. Western wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. West Region, Sacramento, CA. Download Full High Resolution Image

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1992. Western wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. West Region, Sacramento, CA. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute.Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) was named the state flower of Vermont in 1895. A genus of annual and perennial herbs. The majority of whicsh are more used in the kitchen or farm garden than as flowering plants. There are however a few species grown for their attractive blooms as we see from this example. All grow readily from seed and are suited to any soil.

Kingdom Plantae – Plants, Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants, Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants, Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants, Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons, Subclass Rosidae –, Order Fabales –, Family Fabaceae – Pea family, Genus Trifolium L. – clover, Species Trifolium pratense L. – red clover

Text Reference: USDA-NRCS. 2005. The PLANTS Database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

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