Wednesday, August 08, 2007

Dairy Cows Bos taurus

Dairy Cows, The Missouri NRCS Photo Gallery, U. S. Department of Agriculture.Because much of the cost of a cow is the feed and labor needed to maintain her, fewer but higher yielding cows mean lower priced milk. Dairy herd improvement ultimately benefits consumers.
Dairy Cow, Image Number K5176-3, Photo by Keith Weller. U. S. Department of Agriculture.That's why it's just as important to keep complete and accurate records as it is to keep the cows contented. The National Cooperative Dairy Herd Improvement Program has been tracking Bossy's milk yields since 1905.
Over the years, this program has made enormous contributions to dairy cattle breeding. ARS scientists receive the lactation records of all herds enrolled in the program and use the figures to rank the bulls that sire the nation's dairy cows and to rank the cows themselves.

The results of years and years of scientific dairying? Milk production has been trending upward for more than 25 years in the United States-from about 117,000 million pounds in 1970 to more than 150,000 million pounds in 1994-even though the number of milk cows has been reduced. Photo by Keith Weller.

Dairy cattle From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A young dairy animal is known as a calf. A female calf which has not given birth to a calf and is less than thirty months old is called a heifer. When the heifer is seven months pregnant or has reached the stage in pregnancy where the udder starts to swell, it is known as a springer. After calving, or when more than thirty months old, a female dairy animal is known as a cow.

The process of birthing a calf is known as calving or parturition. A male dairy animal is called a bull at any stage of life, unless castrated, in which case it is known as a steer until it is four years old, then it is called an ox. A dairy animal's mother is known as its dam. Similarly, a dairy animal's father is known as its sire.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article, Dairy cattle

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