Thursday, February 28, 2008

Republican Elephant by Thomas Nast

1874 Nast cartoon depicted GOP as an elephant demolishing the flimsy planks of the Democrats. The "Third-Term Panic", by Thomas Nast, originally published in Harper's Magazine 7 November 1874.

This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because it's copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, where Works published prior to 1978 were copyright protected for a maximum of 75 years. See Circular 1 "COPYRIGHT BASICS" PDF. Works published before 1923 in this case 1893, are now in the public domain.

This image is also in the public domain in countries that figure copyright from the date of death of the artist (post mortem auctoris), in this case, Thomas Nast September 27, 1840 – December 7, 1902, and that most commonly runs for a period of 50 to 70 years from the last day of that year. +sookie tex  

February 28, 1854 - The Republican Party of the United States is organized in Ripon, Wisconsin.

Republican Elephant by Thomas Nast

History of the United States Republican Party From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Republican Party was created in 1854 in opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Act that would have allowed the expansion of slavery into Kansas. The Republican activists denounced the act as proof of the power of the Slave Power—the powerful class of southern slaveholders who were conspiring to control the federal government and to spread slavery nationwide. The name "Republican" gained such favor in 1854 because "republicanism" was the paramount political value the new party meant to uphold. The party founders adopted the name "Republican" to indicate it was the carrier of "republican" beliefs about civic virtue, and opposition to aristocracy and corruption. The name had been in previous use by Jeffersonians, Jacksonians, and nationalists.

Besides opposition to slavery, the new party put forward a progressive vision of modernizing the United States—emphasizing higher education, banking, railroads, industry and cities, while promising free homesteads to farmers. They vigorously argued that free-market labor was superior to slavery and the very foundation of civic virtue and true American values—this is the "Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men" ideology explored by historian Eric Foner.

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