Thursday, June 12, 2008

Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant Cold Harbor

Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant Cold Harbor Title: Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant standing by a tree in front of a tent, Cold Harbor, Va., ca. 06/1864 by photographs taken by Mathew Brady (1823-1896) and his associates High Resolution Image and Alternate version

Other Names: Second Cold Harbor. Location: Hanover County. Campaign: Grant’s Overland Campaign (May-June 1864). Date(s): May 31-June 12, 1864.
Principal Commanders: Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Maj. Gen. George G. Meade [US]; Gen. Robert E. Lee [CS]. Forces Engaged: 170,000 total (US 108,000; CS 62,000). Estimated Casualties: 15,500 total (US 13,000; CS 2,500)

Description: On May 31, Sheridan’s cavalry seized the vital crossroads of Old Cold Harbor. Early on June 1, relying heavily on their new repeating carbines and shallow entrenchments, Sheridan’s troopers threw back an attack by Confederate infantry. Confederate reinforcements arrived from Richmond and from the Totopotomoy Creek lines. Late on June 1, the Union VI and XVIII Corps reached Cold Harbor and assaulted the Confederate works with some success. By June 2, both armies were on the field, forming on a seven-mile front that extended from Bethesda Church to the Chickahominy River. At dawn June 3, the II and XVIII Corps, followed later by the IX Corps, assaulted along the Bethesda Church-Cold Harbor line and were slaughtered at all points.

Grant commented in his memoirs that this was the only attack he wished he had never ordered. The armies confronted each other on these lines until the night of June 12, when Grant again advanced by his left flank, marching to James River. On June 14, the II Corps was ferried across the river at Wilcox’s Landing by transports. On June 15, the rest of the army began crossing on a 2,200-foot long pontoon bridge at Weyanoke. Abandoning the well-defended approaches to Richmond, Grant sought to shift his army quickly south of the river to threaten Petersburg. The American Battlefield Protection Program

Result(s): Confederate victory. CWSAC Reference #: VA062. Preservation Priority: I.1 (Class A) . National Park Unit: Richmond NB

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1 comment:

Anonymous said...

what day was this picture taken

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