Monday, August 01, 2005

American dogwood - State Flower of North Carolina

Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 33 ft high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 1 ft. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 16 ft tall. The leaves are opposite, simple, oval with acute tips, 6–13 cm long and 4–6 cm broad, with an apparently entire margin (actually very finely toothed, under a lens); they turn a rich red-brown in fall.

This image is not copyrighted and may be freely used for any purpose. Please credit the artist, original publication if applicable, and the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. The following format is suggested and will be appreciated:

Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester, PA. Download Full High Resolution Image

Kingdom Plantae – Plants, Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants, Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants, Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants, Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons, Subclass Rosidae –, Order Cornales –, Family Cornaceae – Dogwood family, Genus Cornus L. – dogwood, Species Cornus florida L. – flowering dogwood

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester, PA. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute.American dogwood (Cornus florida) was named the state flower of North Carolina in 1941. Notable for a hardness of it's wood. Deciduous for the most part with evergreen trees and shrubs being an exception. Small white flowers are set in the center of large white and pink bracts. They may reach a height of 8 to 10 feet. Plant in spring or autumn in loam or loose, damp soil in full sun.

Text Reference: USDA-NRCS. 2005. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

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